Natural marble is a treasure gifted by nature to human beings, and human beings use their rich imagination to process stone into various products and use it to create various spaces and styles. Today, the editor will talk to you about the different treatment methods for different surfaces of stone. Real picture of marble polishing surface decoration Stone is one of the two main materials used most indoors and outdoors. The surface of stone is very important. It not only brings beauty to the space but also meets the functional requirements of the characteristic space. If it is ignored, it may be damaged. lead to design problems.
For example: 1. The floor stone of the sauna room is not treated with grooves or pickling surface, and the smooth surface stone is used directly, resulting in non-slip floor; 2. The stone grooves of the bathroom floor are not chamfered and smooth, resulting in cutting toes when taking a bath; 3. The ax-chopped stone surface decorated on the wall hides dirt and is not easy to clean. Why do stone materials need surface treatment? The reason why natural stone is used in indoor space after surface treatment is that there are at least three reasons: 1. In order to meet the safety of stone itself: because stone is a natural material, if it is not surface treated, it will be damaged due to chemical damage after leaving the factory. The reaction is easy to return to alkali, yellowing, and even weathering to dissolve. 2. To meet functional requirements: different spaces, different design techniques, require different stone properties to meet its functions.
For example, in the application of stone materials for exterior walls, hand-painted surface treatment methods such as ax face or litchi face are used to reflect the thickness and strength of stone materials. 3. Satisfy aesthetics: It goes without saying that any decorative material in space decoration, different stone surface treatment methods can also meet different design concepts. For example: if you want to achieve a gorgeous effect, high-gloss stone is inevitable.
Back to the topic of stone surface treatment, Weiye stone manufacturer believes that in addition to natural texture and delicate texture, rich surface treatment forms and super plastic stone are the essential differences between it and related alternative materials. So, what exactly is the surface treatment of stone: "In the case of ensuring the safety of the stone itself, different processing treatments are used on the surface to make it present different material styles, so as to meet various design requirements." This is The so-called stone surface treatment.
Any natural stone can be surface treated, but depending on the type and pattern of the stone, the suitable surface treatment form is also different. It is necessary to choose the appropriate surface treatment form according to the hardness and characteristics of the stone. Common surface processing of stone The surface treatment of stone is very rich. According to our understanding, it can be roughly divided into three categories: the first category is mechanical surface processing technology: such as litchi noodles, ax chopping noodles, etc.; the second category is chemical surface treatment. Processing technology: as we often say pickling surface, etc.; The third type is the electrochemical method: such as the method of coating the medium on the stone with copper by electroplating. 1. Polished surface The surface is very smooth, highly polished, with mirror effect and high gloss.
Granite, marble, and limestone are often polished and require different maintenance to maintain their luster. 2. Matt surface The surface is smooth, but it is low-polished, resulting in diffuse reflection, dull, no mirror effect, and no light pollution. 3. Coarse grinding surface The surface is simply polished, and the machine-cut lines formed during the cutting process of the raw board can be ground away. It feels very rough matte processing.
4. Machine-cut surface is directly cut by equipment such as circular saw, sand saw or bridge cutting machine. The surface is rough and has obvious machine-cut lines. 5. Acid-washed surface Use strong acid to corrode the stone surface to make it have small corrosion marks, and the appearance is more rustic than the polished surface. Most stones can be pickled, but the most common are marble and limestone.
Acid washing is also a way to soften the luster of granite. 6. Lychee noodles The surface is rough and uneven. Small holes are densely chiseled on the surface with a chisel, which imitates the effect of water droplets dripping on the stone for years. 7. The surface of pineapple noodles is more uneven than that of litchi, just like the skin of pineapple.
8. Chop ax noodles Also called longan noodles, it is chopped and knocked on the stone surface with an ax to form a very dense strip texture, which is somewhat like the effect of longan skin. 9. The surface of the burnt surface is rough. This kind of surface is mainly used indoors such as flooring or as a finish for commercial buildings, and the labor cost is relatively high.
Rapid cooling after high-temperature heating forms a burnt surface. Fire noodles are generally granite. 10. Cracked surface Commonly known as natural surface, its surface is rough, but not as rough as fire.
This finish is usually cut by hand or chiseled in a mine to expose the stone's natural cracked sides. 11. Scrub the face The surface is old. The treatment involves brushing the surface of the stone to mimic the natural wear and tear of the stone.
12. Water flushing: Use high-pressure water to directly impact the stone surface, peel off the softer components, and form a unique decorative effect on the rough surface. 13. Antique surface Surface processing that imitates the antiquated effect of stone materials after a certain number of years is generally treated with antique abrasive brushes or antique water. Generally, antique abrasive brushes are more effective and cost-effective, and are more environmentally friendly. 14. Archaize noodles with fire First fire and then do antique processing.
15. Pickling antique surface Pickling first and then doing antique processing. 16. Sandblasting surface Use ordinary river sand or emery instead of high-pressure water to wash the surface of the stone to form a smooth decorative surface with sandblasting effect. 17. Groove surface Open a groove with a certain depth and width on the stone surface.
18. Mushroom noodles are generally artificially chiseled, and the effect is similar to natural chopping, but the sky surface of the stone is in the shape of a plateau with a protrusion in the middle and depressions around it. In fact, there are many other surface processing methods for stone, and with the advancement of scientific research and technology, more innovative surface processing methods will appear; the stone surface treatment methods mentioned in this article are only part of them. The content of this issue is just a brief introduction for everyone, hoping to let everyone know more about the difficulty of stone processing.